Public Health

Active Transportation Health and Economic Impact Study

The purpose of the Active Transportation Health and Economic Impact Study is to provide an understanding of the public health and economic benefits of building and maintaining bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure. The study area is the six-county Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) region. The study was initiated on behalf of SCAG in response to stakeholder input surrounding the development of the 2012 and 2016 Regional Transportation Plans and Sustainable Communities Strategies (RTP/SCS).

Social Determinants of Health

Social determinants include neighborhood and built environment, health and health care, economic stability, education, and social and community context. All of these determinants have some sort of impact on health. As the World Health Organization has stated, health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not just the absence of disease. Without these considerations, there are potential unintended negative consequences to health.

Health in All Policies

Southern Californians face health impacts, both positive and negative, from the policies made in 22 state agencies, departments, and offices. Active transportation is a key factor of healthy and sustainable communities from everything such as creating cleaner air quality to physical activity. Understanding how different policies will influence health outcomes is necessary for all communities.

Health Equity

Health disparities affect vulnerable communities at a greater scale than other communities. Section 131019.5 of the California Health and Safety Code hopes to combat this. The goal is to improve health, mental health, and well-being for all people. To achieve optimal health, social, economic, and environmental conditions should be examined.

Riverside County Healthy City Resolution Toolkit

The Healthy City Resolution Toolkit provides useful materials for health champions to effectively work with local governments to incorporate health into the decision making process. The Toolkit helps to convince government leaders including, elected officials, city managers, community development and planning departments, that health is paramount for a livable community and to commit to take actions that will lead to positive health outcomes.

General Plan Guidelines for Healthy Communities

The Office of Planning and Research recently released a Draft of the General Plan Guidelines, which includes a section on building Healthy Communities. The draft includes a general analysis on a number of topic areas, as well as links to sources of health related data.

Public Health Data Portals

County Health Needs Assessments

CalEnviroScreen

The California Communities Environmental Health Screening Tool (CalEnviroScreen) is a science-based screening tool developed by the California Environmental Protection Agency’s (Cal/EPA) Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) that can be used to help identify California communities that are disproportionately burdened by multiple sources of pollution.

California Health Disadvantage Index (HDI)

The Public Health Alliance has developed a composite index to identify cumulative health disadvantages across California. The purpose of this Health Disadvantage Index (HDI) is to prioritize public and private investments, resources, and programs. HDI includes diverse non-medical economic, social, political, and environmental factors that influence physical and cognitive function, behavior and disease. These factors are often called either health determinants or social determinants of health and form the root causes of disadvantage.